Magneto-Hydrodynamics is the study of magnetic properties of electrically conducting fluids. Cases of such magneto¬fluids incorporate plasmas, fluid metals, salt water, and electrolytes. "Magneto¬hydro¬dynamics" is gotten from the magneto-meaning attractive field, hydro-significance water, and elements meaning development. The field of MHD was started by Hannes Alfven, for which he got the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1970.
The central idea driving MHD is that attractive fields can incite streams in a moving conductive liquid, which thusly captivates the liquid and correspondingly changes the attractive field itself. The arrangements of conditions that portray MHD are a mix of the Navier– Stokes conditions of liquid progression and Maxwell's conditions of electromagnetism. These differential conditions must be fathomed at the same time, either logically or numerically.